Introduction To Carrageenan – References

Anderson NS, Campbell JW, Harding MM, X-ray diffraction studies of polysaccharide sulphates: double helix models for kappa and iota carrageenans, J Mol Biol, 45(1), pp85-88 (1969)

Arnott S, Scott WE, Rees DA, McNab CGA, Iota carrageenan: molecular structure and packing of polysaccharide double helices in oriented fibres of divalent cation salts, J Mol Biol, 90(2), 253-267 (1974)

Cairns P, Atkins EDT, Miles MJ, Morris VJ, Molecular transforms of kappa carrageenan and furcellaran from mixed gel systems, Int J Biol Macromol, 13(2), pp65-68 (1991)

Norton IT, Goodall DM, Morris ER, Rees DA, Equilibrium and dynamic studies fo the disorder-order transition of kappa carrageenan, J Chem Soc Faraday Trans, 79, pp2489-2500 (1983)

Philp K, Defreitus Z, Nicholson D, Hoffman R, Tiger striping in injected poultry – causes and cures, Gums and Stabilisers 9, The Royal Society of Chemistry Cambridge, pp276-285 (1998)

Rees DA, Steele IW, Williamson FB, Conformational analysis of polysaccharides III, Polymer Sci Part C: Polymer Symposia, 28(1), pp261–276 (1969)

Rees DA, Welsh EJ, Secondary and tertiary structure of polysaccharides in solutions and gels, Angewandte Chemie International Ed, 16(4), pp214–224 (1977)

Reid DS, Bryce TA, Clark AH, Rees DA, Helix coil transitions in gelling polysacchrides, Disc Faraday Soc 57, pp230-237 (1974)

Rochas C, Rinaudo M, Activity coefficients of counter ions and conformation in kappa carrageenan systems, Biopolymers, 19(9), pp1675-1687 (1980)

Vreeman HJ, Snoeren THM, Paynes TAJ, Physiochemical investigations of kappa carrageenan in the random state, Biopolymers 19 pp1357 (1980)

Further information on carrageenan structure, sources, production, synergy and protein interaction can be accessed using the arrows in the Further Reading box below.

Further Reading

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